Information about Gambia
The Gambia gained its independence from the UK in 1965.
Geographically surrounded by Senegal, it formed a short-lived federation of Senegambia between 1982 and 1989.
In 1991 the two nations signed a friendship and cooperation treaty, but tensions have flared up intermittently since then.
Yahya JAMMEH led a military coup in 1994 that overthrew the president and banned political activity.
A new constitution and presidential elections in 1996, followed by parliamentary balloting in 1997, completed a nominal return to civilian rule.
JAMMEH has been elected president in all subsequent elections including most recently in late 2006.